March 31, 2011 Kuhnenski Mebeli
Christine Frederick published from 1913 a sequence of posts on “New Family Management” in which she analyzed the kitchen area subsequent Taylorist rules, introduced detailed time-motion reports, and derived a kitchen area design from them. Her strategies ended up taken up in the 1920s by architects in Germany and Austria, most notably Bruno Taut, Erna Meyer, and Margarete SchÃ¼tte-Lihotzky. A social housing task in Frankfurt (the RÃ¶merstadt of architect Ernst Might) realized in 1927/eight was the breakthrough for her Frankfurt kitchen, which embodied this new notion of efficiency in the kitchen area.
When this “labor kitchen” and variants derived from it have been a remarkable achievements for tenement buildings, family home owners had distinctive demands and did not want to be constrained by a 6.four mÂ² kitchen area. Nevertheless, kitchen area style was generally ad-hoc subsequent the whims of the architect. In the U.S., the “Minor Houses Council”, due to the fact 1993 the “Creating Investigate Council”, of the College of Architecture of the College of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign was founded in 1944 with the purpose to advance the state of the art in residence making, originally with an emphasis on standardization for charge reduction. It was there that the notion of the kitchen area deliver the results triangle was formalized: the 3 chief functions in a kitchen area are storage, preparation, and cooking (which Catharine Beecher had by now identified), and the spots for these capabilities may want to be organized in the kitchen area in such a way that give good results at a person put does not interfere with perform at a second location, the distance in between these spots is not unnecessarily substantial, and no obstructions are in the way. A normal arrangement is a triangle, with the refrigerator, the sink, and the stove at a vertex just about every.